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Description: A 1-month 4-element moored array experiment to measure the currents associated with large-amplitude internal waves generated by tidal flow across Stellwagen Bank.

Duration: August 1998

USGS PI: B. Butman

Collaborators: R. Beardsley, A. Scotti and S. Anderson (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution)

Butman, Bradford, Alexander, P.S., Anderson, S.P., Lightsom, F.L., Scotti, Alberto, and Beardsley, R.C., 2006, The Massachusetts Bay internal wave experiment, August 1998; Data Report: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 85, DVD-ROM. Also available online at

Butman, B. Alexander, P.S., Scotti, A., Beardsley, R.C., and Anderson, S.P., 2006, Large internal waves in Massachusetts Bay transport sediments offshore. Continental Shelf Research. v. 26/17-18, pp 2029-2049. doi:10.1016/j.csr.2006.07.022

Scotti, A., Beardsley, R.C., Butman, B., 2006, On the interpretation of energy and energy fluxes of nonlinear internal waves: An example from Massachusetts Bay. J. Fluid Mechanics, v. 561, pp. 103-1112. doi:10.1017/S0022112006000991

Scotti, A., Beardsley, R.C., and Butman, B., 2007, Generation and propagation of nonlinear internal waves in Massachusetts Bay, Journal of Geophysical Research, 112, C10001, doi:10.1029/2007/JC004313.

Scotti, A., Beardsley, R.C., Butman, B., and Pineda, J., in press, Shoaling of nonlinear internal waves in Massachusetts Bay. Journal of Geophysical Research.

Scotti, A., Butman, B., Beardsley, R.C., Alexander, P. Soupy, Anderson, S.P., 2005, A modified beam-to-earth transformation to measure short-wavelength internal waves with an Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP), J. Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 22(5), pp. 583-59.

Field Activity Reports: 1998-031-FA, 1998-032-FA

Explore where measurements were made and the kinds of data collected during this
experiment using GoogleEarth (V4 or better required) and MBAY_IWAVE.kml.

Map of station locations
Click for a larger image of the map

Links to the Data

Basic Sampling Interval Data access via THREDDS
Hourly Averaged Data

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